Temperature changes are something usual during the Autumn. Rain, fog and even snow are expected then. The nights are longer and that's why more car accidents happen. We've selected some important tips you should keep an eye on.
Forward headlamps, rear headlamps, hazard flashers and front fog lamps
Although that it is dangerous for you and for the other participants to drive with lamp issues, you can be fined too. Make sure that all your lights work proper.
Heated rear window
Check if the heating system for the rear window works properly. It will be very unpleasant surprise if you realize that it's not working when you need it.
When the temperature becomes lower than 5º-7º you have to change your tires with winter ones. It is dangerous to drive with summer tires during the winter, because they don't have good traction.
Keep in mind that the tires should be changed every 4-5 years with new ones, because they lose their efficiency. The pressure is another important matter concerning the tires. Always check the pressure before long trips. The seasons and the sea level may increase or decrease the pressure in the tires (the pressure increases with 0,07 atm. on every 10°С difference).
You can find your tires' pressure requirements into your car guide or on a sticker somewhere in the car. Don't forget to check your spare tire's pressure too!
Make sure your wipers clean well and do not blur the front/rear window. If this happens, it is time to replace them with new ones. Regularly clean them with a soft cotton soaked in alcohol cloth if you don't want to buy new ones very often.
Oil check and oil replacement
All the vehicles have low oil level warning light, but we recommend you to make regular check of the oil. When you do it, the car must be on horizontal surface and the engine should be cold. For better accuracy it is necessary to clean the level stick before the check. If the oil level is under the minimum, you must add some until it is enough. Oil replacement should be made after curtain mileage or time. That's why it is necessary to keep an eye on the schedule for oil change. For longer life of the oil, we advise you to avoid the aggressive driving and frequent short trips.
Under the hood
Check under the hood may allow you to identify visible issues like: leaks, cracks, clamps, timing belt and etc. In case you didn't notice an issue but there is one, you should call a mechanic.
Cold weather may cause impossible or difficult engine start. That's why it is good to take care of your car battery, it must be charged when outside get cold. Make sure you're aware of how to add/ remove your car battery. Keep in mind also that it lasts about 5 years. Be prepared for a replacement when the right moment comes. Here are some tips of how to increase the life of your car battery:
- Avoid leaving the lights, heater and radio on when the engine is not started, because the consumption of current is bigger.
The antifreeze is a liquid that allows constant temperature of the engine (between 90º and 92º). This is requirement for its normal work. Adding water instead of antifreeze is unacceptable because of two reasons:
- Nowadays the vehicles are made not only from iron and steel, but also from other alloys. These other alloys can be damaged from the water, because the water doesn't have anti-corrosion effect like the antifreeze.
- The second reason of using antifreeze, is the presence of a chemical in it that doesn't allow it to freeze when the temperature is very low.
Remember that when adding antifreeze the engine must be cold. Check for presence of rust and if the color of the liquid is normal (green, pink or yellow). The experts recommend the antifreeze to be replaced every two years.